World Antimicrobial Awareness week 18 – 24 November 2021
The World Health Organization has declared Antimicorbial Resistance (AMR) among the top 10 global health threats. AMR occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness and death. As a result of drug resistance, antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines become ineffective and infections become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat. AMR is an important public health issue that threatens to undo the remarkable achievements of modern medicine.
Nepal is not left behind. In Nepal, AMR is overshadowed in comparison to other public health priorities also due to ineffectively implemented laws or the absence of guidelines for Antimicrobial Use. The major significant elements potentiating the ascent of AMR in human are overuse, misuse and self-medication practices, also due to absence of well-prepared health facilities.